Most people will have hyperpigmentation on their skin by the time they reach their 30’s, this skin issue is very stubborn to treat but can be managed with the right skincare. Hyperpigmentation is a darkening of the skin due to an overproduction of melanin from skin cells called melanocytes. It can be brought on by various injuries to the skin, sundamage, trauma, hormones and inflammation. The excessive melanin produced gets dumped into the deeper levels of your skin, causing hyperpigmentation. These spots, when further exposed to sunlight, will flare up and worsen over time.
Melasma is a form of facial pigmentation stimulated by hormone disturbances, like pregnancy and birth control pills and UV exposure make it worse. However, the underlying hormone responsible is melanocyte stimulating hormone (MSH). This hormone increases the production of melanin, which is responsible for darkening the skin.
Melasma appears on the face, especially on the cheeks, bridge of the nose, forehead and upper lip. Melasma is a very common patchy brown, tan, or blue-gray facial skin discoloration, usually seen in women in the reproductive years.
Azelaic acid is an aliphatic dicarboxylic acid because it has two carboxylic acid functional groups rather than one, which has been out in the market since 1989. Azelaic acid is naturally found in wheat, rye, barley, oat seeds and sorghum. It is also produced naturally by the genus Malassezia, a yeast responsible for a skin condition called tinea versicolor.
Do you notice pesky dark spots popping up after a summer in the sun?
Hyperpigmentation is one of the most stubborn skin conditions to treat, and requires persistence, patients and, of course, dedicated use of sunscreen. The good news? It's possible to achieve an even, spot-free complexion safely and effectively.